Textile Properties Table

When designing reinforced rubber sheets or rubber coated textiles the optimum choice of textile or alternative substrate can engineer specific performance characteristics. The information in the table below supplemented by our working knowledge can ensure the right choices are made.

Textiles are varied and versatile materials, above and beyond a choice of yarn the correct decitex (denier), construction, weave and weight specification will have a significant bearing on the rubber / textile composites’ performance. Ensuring excellent adhesion between rubber and textile is part of our skill set. White Cross Rubber Products Ltd can handle woven, knitted, ‘scrim’ and ‘mesh’ textiles or substrates.

Alternative substrate materials

Our capability also extends to a range of alternative substrates demanded in certain applications, this include: woven steel mesh, expanded aluminium mesh and pressed glass cloth webs amongst others.

Textile properties table

(PA Polyamide)
PolyesterGlass ClothPara-aramid (Kevlar®, Twaron®)Meta-aramid (Nomex®)Cotton
Maximum continuous operating temperature 150°C 150°C 300°C 200°C 200°C 90°C
Mechanical strength Good Good Good/Fair Excellent Good Good/Fair
Abrasion resistance Excellent Excellent FairGood/Excellent GoodGood/Fair
Flex resistance Good Good Fair Good Good Good
Elongation at break Good/Excellent Good Fair Fair Good Fair
Sunlight resistance Fair Excellent Excellent Fair Fair Good
Moisture absorptionMediumLowLowMediumMediumHigh
Alkali resistance Good/Excellent Poor/Fair Good Good Good Good/Fair
Acid resistance Good/Fair Good/Excellent Good Good Good Poor
Fire resistance Burns slowly Burns slowly Self extinguishes Self extinguishesSelf extinguishes Burns readily